India was hit by the IT boom a couple of years back and a lot of young college graduates started taking up jobs with these companies because it was easy to get jobs in these companies compared to the government sector. However, it did not take long for these people to realize that the private firms are not much concerned about the welfare of their employees; the only thing that they are concerned about is profit.
It was during this time that the government bank jobs in India regained their popularity and a lot of people started leaving these private companies to apply for government jobs. During this time the government also realized that it needed to make a couple of changes in the whole employment system so more people could get employed with government departments.
The Ministry of human resource and development conducted a couple of camps throughout the country in different colleges and universities to find out ways to increase employment opportunities. It did not take him long to realize that almost all government vacancies in India were available in the metropolitan cities; there were very few vacancies in the rural areas. The Ministry submitted a report to the central government and the latter chalked out a plan to put things in order.
The Indian government took a most important step to increase employment opportunities throughout the country and it was the dissolution of a number of trade unions across diverse industry verticals.
Prior to the Indian government taking any positive action, different trade unions across the country had a lot of power in their hands. Some sectors such as public transport, licensing departments, and the road construction departments had a lot of employees who were not under the direct payrolls of the government. These contract employees used to work on daily wages under government appointed contractors and had absolutely no job security. And most of the cases it was the trade unions who decided whom to employ and whom to reject.
The government was basically concerned about getting the job done; not the process through which the job was getting done. This fishy system also promoted a lot of corruption in the government departments.
After getting reports from the HRD Ministry, the central government put a complete ban on a lot of trade unions across the country and all those people who used to work as contract employees soon got absorbed into the system.